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Background: The aim of this study was to analyze potential influences of polymorphisms within the regulatory region of the bovine SIRT6 gene on carcass quality traits. Expression analyses suggested that SIRT6 gene is predominately expressed in kidney, compared with other tissues. In 535 indigenous Chinese beef cattle, two novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified within the promoter region of the SIRT6 gene.
Results: Association analysis indicated that G allele of the c.-1100 A > G had a positive effect on fat deposition, and the Hap4/4 diplotype had more favourable results than other dipoltypes with respect to the evaluation of carcass quality traits. Furthermore, promoter activity associated with the Hap3 haplotype was measured at higher levels than the Hap1 haplotype, which would be in agreement with the previously described association analysis.
Conclusion: The SIRT6 promoter variants significantly affect transcriptional levels and subsequently significantly influence bovine intramscular fat content.
Gui, Lin-sheng, et al. "Genetic Variants in the SIRT6 Transcriptional Regulatory Region Affect Gene Activity and Carcass Quality Traits in Indigenous Chinese Beef Cattle (Bos taurus)." BMC Genomics, vol. 19, 2018, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-018-5149-0