Dietary Butylated Hydroxytoluene Protects Against Aflatoxicosis in Turkeys
Contribution to Book
Poisonous Plants and Related Toxins
T. Acamovic, C.S. Stewart and T.W. Pennycott
CAB International Publishing
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1), a hepatotoxin produced by the ubiquitous fungi Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, is a nearly universal contaminant of poultry feeds (Klein et al., 2000). Avoidance of contaminated feeds is rarely possible, and feed that contains relatively low concentrations of AFB1 may still have deleterious effects on sensitive species, such as poultry (Giambrone et al., 1985). In poultry, AFB1 causes a reduction in growth rate, feed efficiency, hatchability, increased susceptibility to bacterial and viral diseases, and severe hepatotoxicosis (Kubena et al., 1995).
Klein, P.J., T. R. Van Vleet., J. O. Hall and R. A. Coulombe, Jr. (2003). Dietary butylated hydroxytoluene protects against aflatoxicosis in turkeys, in Poisonous Plants and Related Toxins (T. Acamovic, C.S. Stewart and T.W. Pennycott eds.), CAB International, London. pp. 478-483.