Effect of Caloric Restriction and Rapamycin on Ovarian Aging in Mice
Caloric restriction (CR) increases the preservation of the ovarian primordial follicular reserve, which can potentially delay menopause. Rapamycin also increases preservation on the ovarian reserve, with similar mechanism to CR. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of rapamycin and CR on metabolism, ovarian reserve, and gene expression in mice. Thirty-six female mice were allocated into three groups: control, rapamycin-treated (4 mg/kg body weight every other day), and 30% CR. Caloric restricted females had lower body weight (P < 0.05) and increased insulin sensitivity (P = 0.003), while rapamycin injection did not change body weight (P > 0.05) and induced insulin resistance (P < 0.05). Both CR and rapamycin females displayed a higher number of primordial follicles (P = 0.02 and 0.04, respectively), fewer primary, secondary, and tertiary follicles (P < 0.05) and displayed increased ovarian Foxo3a gene expression (P < 0.05). Despite the divergent metabolic effects of the CR and rapamycin treatments, females from both groups displayed a similar increase in ovarian reserve, which was associated with higher expression of ovarian Foxo3a.
Garcia, Driele N.; Saccon, Tatiana D.; Pradiee, Jorgea; Rincón, Joao A.A.; Andrade, Kelvin R.S.; Rovani, Monique T.; Mondadori, Rafael G.; Cruz, Luis A.X.; Barros, Carlos C.; Masternak, Michal M.; Bartke, Andrzej; Mason, Jeffrey B.; and Schneider, Augusto, "Effect of Caloric Restriction and Rapamycin on Ovarian Aging in Mice" (2019). Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Science Faculty Publications. Paper 1492.