Pharmacokinetics of the Antiviral Agent Carbocyclic 3-Deazaadenosine
Drug Metabolism and Disposition
American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
The pharmacokinetics of carbocyclic 3-deazaadenosine (Cc3Ado), a competitive inhibitor of S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine hydrolase and novel antiviral agent, was investigated in female BALB/c mice. Mice were dosed either orally or intravenously with a single dose of 10 mg/kg (10 microCi [3H]Cc3Ado), and blood and tissue samples were taken at selected intervals for 24 hr. The plasma concentration vs. time data for Cc3Ado was best described by a two-compartment open model with first-order elimination. The apparent half-life was 23 and 38 min, for intravenously and orally administered Cc3Ado, respectively. Depending on route, tissue concentrations of Cc3Ado reached their maximum by 120 min, and concentrations of Cc3Ado were greatest in the liver, followed by the kidney, spleen, and stomach. By 24 hr, all tissues contained a similar amount of Cc3Ado. In the plasma, one major labeled metabolite was detected, which increased in concentration over time until about 45 min after dosing. None of the plasma Cc3Ado was protein bound, as assessed by in vitro protein binding analysis. Oral Cc3Ado was about 20% bioavailable. Data from this first investigation of the pharmacokinetics of Cc3Ado indicate that this antiviral agent is rapidly distributed and eliminated from the plasma and that distribution to tissues is widespread and rapid.
Coulombe, R.A., Jr., J.M. Huie, R.P. Sharma and J.W. Huggins (1993). Pharmacokinetics of the antiviral agent carbocyclic 3-deazaadenosine. Drug Metab. Dispos. 21:555-559.