An interdisciplinary andsystems-based evaluation of academic programs: bovine mastitis-related veterinaryresearch, education and outreach
An interdisciplinary and systems-oriented approach for evaluation of academic programs was explored in veterinary research, education and extension in the context of prevention of bovine mastitis. Bibliometric-based document analysis and observation methods were used to assess disciplinary contents of veterinary research and graduate education theses, and New York State dairy farmers' adoption rate of selected veterinary recommendations (bacteriological testing of raw milk, “closed herds”, and three hygiene-related practices). Findings indicated that: a) the veterinary extension literature was lower in output and less differentiated in disciplinary content than that of the agricultural counterpart; b) three disciplines accounted for 85% of all theses major contents; and c) 39.7% of New York dairies requested bacteriological testing, 50% of investigated dairies had “closed herds” and at least 9.4% of those did not adopt all the hygiene-related practices. Context-specific recommendations are proposed. It is concluded that this evaluation approach may facilitate policy analysis, program development and may be applicable to other academic settings.
Rivas AL, Wilson DJ, Gonzalez RN, Mohammed HO, Quimby FW, Lein DH, Milligan RA, Colle RD, Deshler JD, Trochim WMK: An interdisciplinary and systems-based evaluation of academic programs: bovine mastitis-related veterinary research, education and outreach. Scientometrics 40:2:195-213, 1997.