Oxidation of NADH by Vanadium in the Presence of Thiols
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
The nonenzymatic oxidation of NADH was studied spectrophotometrically in the presence of two vanadium compounds, sodium orthovanadate and vanadyl sulfate. At physiological pH 7.4, in 25 mImage sodium phosphate buffer, addition of the synthetic thiol, dithioerythritol (DTE) results in a marked increase of NADH oxidation in the presence of sodium orthovanadate, but not in the presence of vanadyl sulfate. Other reductants, such as dithiothreitol and cysteine, can also increase NADH oxidation, whereas glutathione and ascorbate cannot. In all reactions, superoxide dismutase and catalase completely inhibit the vanadium-stimulated oxidation of NADH. Inhibition occurs in a concentration-dependent manner, and the boiled enzymes do not inhibit the thiol reaction. The hydroxyl radical scavenger, thiourea, inhibits the reaction, whereas urea cannot. ESR studies show that the ability of the thiol to reduce vanadate can be correlated with the degree of NADH oxidation. Using spin trapping techniques, hydroxyl radicals are detected during the course of the reaction. Addition of hydrogen peroxide to vanadyl in the presence of DTE greatly increases NADH oxidation; however, no NADH oxidation occurs when hydrogen peroxide is added to vanadyl and ascorbic acid. These results provide a partial explanation for the ability of vanadium compounds to both decrease cellular reducing equivalents and promote lipid peroxidation.
Keller, R.J., R.A. Coulombe, R.P. Sharma, T.A. Grover and L.H. Piette (1989). Oxidation of NADH by vanadium in the presence of thiols. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 271: 40-48.