Effect of imexon treatment on Friend virus complex infection using genetically defined mice as a model for HIV-1 infection
Imexon (4-imino-1,4-diazobicyclo-3.1.0-hexan-2-one) was moderately effective in the treatment of a retroviral infection in a genetically defined murine model. The animal model consisted of a Friend virus complex (FV) infection in a hybrid mouse strain, (B10.A × A/WySn)F1, which has similarities with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Intraperitoneal imexon initiated 1 or 3 days after FV inoculation and continued through 13 days after inoculation significantly reduced splenomegaly, splenic cell-free virus titers and viral RNA. Viral infectious centers/106 splenocytes and FV titers in the plasma were reduced, though not to a statistically significant level. The effect of imexon on survival was not statistically significant which suggested that the antiviral effects were only transiently effective. Phytohemagglutinin-induced blastogenesis and percent of total T cells, T helper cells and T suppressor/cytotoxic cells in the spleens were increased, and the percentage of B cells decreased by imexon treatment of both FV-infected and uninfected mice. The splenic natural killer cell activity and interleukin-1 production were not markedly affected. Virus specific neutralizing antibody developed in both imexon- and placebo-treated FV-infected mice, although titers were lower in the imexon-treated animals.
Morrey, J. D., R. P. Warren, K. M. Okleberry, R. A. Burger, M. A. Chirigos, and R. W. Sidwell. 1991. Effect of imexon treatment on Friend virus complex infection using genetically defined mice as a model for HIV-1 infection. Antiviral Res 15:51-65. PMID2036000