Title

Recovery from discrete wound severities in side-blotched lizards (Uta stansburiana): implications for energy budget, locomotor performance, and oxidative stress

Description

Wounding events (predation attempts, competitive combat) result in injuries and/or infections that induce integrated immune responses for the recovery process. Despite the survival benefits of immunity in this context, the costs incurred may require investment to be diverted from traits contributing to immediate and/or future survival, such as locomotor performance and oxidative status. Yet, whether trait constraints manifest likely depends on wound severity and the implications for energy budget. For this study, food intake, body mass, sprint speed, and oxidative indices (reactive oxygen metabolites, antioxidant capacity) were monitored in male side-blotched lizards (Uta stansburiana) healing from cutaneous wounds of discrete sizes (control, small, large). Results indicate that larger wounds induced faster healing, reduced food consumption, and led to greater oxidative stress over time. Granted wounding did not differentially affect body mass or sprint speed overall, small-wounded lizards with greater wound area healed had faster sprint speeds while large-wounded lizards with greater wound area healed had slower sprint speeds. During recovery from either wound severity, however, healing and sprint performance did not correspond with food consumption, body mass loss, nor oxidative status. These findings provide support that energy budget, locomotor performance, and oxidative status of a reptile are linked to wound recovery to an extent, albeit dependent on wound severity.

OCLC

1236227261

Document Type

Dataset

DCMI Type

Dataset

File Format

.csv, .txt

Publication Date

2-2-2021

Funder

NSF, Division of Integrative Organismal Systems (IOS)

Publisher

Utah State University

Award Number

NSF, Division of Integrative Organismal Systems (IOS) 1350070

Award Title

CAREER: Physiological Trade-offs in Ecoimmunology: Costs for Individuals and Populations

Methodology

Physiological and morphological performance metrics of side-blotched lizards

Scientfic Names

Uta stansburiana

Start Date

5-12-2017

End Date

5-13-2017

Location

38.07° latitude, -109.56° longitude, 1559 m elev.

Language

eng

Code Lists

See README.txt
'id' (identification number)
'delta' (percent change)
'tot' (total) 'th' (total healing of a wound)
'temp' (body temperature)
'oxy' (antioxidant capacity)
'roms' (reactive oxygen metabolites)
'oi' (oxidative index)
'svl' (snout-vent length)

Disciplines

Animal Sciences | Biology | Comparative and Evolutionary Physiology | Desert Ecology | Ecology and Evolutionary Biology | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Population Biology | Systems and Integrative Physiology

License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Identifier

https://doi.org/10.26078/XM4Q-FP37

Additional Files

README.txt (3 kB)
MD5: 76045db36ccd5e82e9107c7c070c9f63

hudsonetal_utawoundperformance.csv (10 kB)
MD5: 76869a0a1b59ff2ffae94e6da8785256

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