Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington

Volume

96

Issue

1

Publication Date

1-1-1994

First Page

98

Last Page

119

Abstract

The vernal, univoltine solitary Japanese bee, Anthophora pilipes villosula, promises to be a worthy addition to our pollinator fauna. It was easily maintained in inexpensive, portable adobe blocks. It is gentle, forages during inclement weather, also from before dawn until after dusk in fine weather. It is polylectic, does not steal nectar, flies rapidly, forages to 500 m, visits numerous flowers including blueberry and apple, and sonicates. Its active period coincides well with spring fruit blossom in the temperate zone. Females may make several nests, learning new nest locations. Dormant nests in adobe blocks were kept outdoors through five years in Maryland with minimal insulation, and the population approximately tripled each year. Details are provided regarding its behavior in Japan and Maryland, including phenology in relation to crops, wild plants and other bees, hosts, foraging behavior, effects of weather, management, substrate and nesting behavior, territorial behavior of males and mating.

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