Journal Water Pollution Control Federation
Laboratory batch reactors were used to generate quantitative information about the fate of polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbon (PNA) compounds in soil systems. First-order degradation rates and equilibrium partition coefficients determined in laboratory studies were used in the Vadose Zone Interactive Processes (VIP) mathematical model to predict the fate and behavior of the PNA compounds as a function of time and soil depth. Predicted model results were compared with independent laboratory soil column studies for model validation. The VIP model provided a good approximation of the degradation and transport of the seven PNA compounds evaluated after 6 months of incubation in soil. Sensitive parameters in the VIP model included degradation rates and initial soil concentrations.
Symons, B. D.; Sims, Ronald C.; and Grenney, W. J., "Fate and Transport of Organics in Soil: Model Predictions and Experimental Results" (1988). Biological Engineering Faculty Publications. Paper 49.