Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Acoustical Society of America
The degrading influence of noise on various critical bands of speech was assessed. A modified version of the compound method [Apoux and Healy (2012) J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 132, 1078–1087] was employed to establish this noise susceptibility for each speech band. Noise was added to the target speech band at various signal-to-noise ratios to determine the amount of noise required to reduce the contribution of that band by 50%. It was found that noise susceptibility is not equal across the speech spectrum, as is commonly assumed and incorporated into modern indexes. Instead, the signal-to-noise ratio required to equivalently impact various speech bands differed by as much as 13 dB. This noise susceptibility formed an irregular pattern across frequency, despite the use of multi-talker speech materials designed to reduce the potential influence of a particular talker's voice. But basic trends in the pattern of noise susceptibility across the spectrum emerged. Further, no systematic relationship was observed between noise susceptibility and speech band importance. It is argued here that susceptibility to noise and band importance are different phenomena, and that this distinction may be underappreciated in previous works.
Yoho Leopold, Sarah E.; Apoux, Frédéric; and Healy, Eric W., "The Noise Susceptibility of Various Speech Bands" (2018). Communicative Disorders and Deaf Education Faculty Publications. Paper 503.