Canyonlands Research Bibliography

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Seed banks in a degraded desert shrubland: Influence of soil surface condition and harvester ant activity on seed abundance, L. A. DeFalco, T. C. Esque, J. M. Kane, and M. B. Nicklas; Journal of Arid Environments

Species Richness and Complementarity: Sizing Up Utah’s National Parks, Monuments, Recreation Areas, and Historic Sites, Walter Fertig; Sego Lily

Using packrat middens to assess grazing effects on vegetation change, J. Fisher, K. L. Cole, and R. S. Anderson; Journal of Arid Environments

Fracture Characterization, Structural Controls, and Simulation, Kajari Ghosh

Physical, chemical, ecological and age data and trench logs from surficial deposits at Hatch Point, southeastern Utah, Harland L. Goldstein, Mark E. Miller, James C. Yount, Marith C. Reheis, Richard L. Reynolds, Jayne Belnap, Paul J. Lamothe, and John P. McGeehan; U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report


Effect of Simulated Browsing on Aspen Regeneration: Implications for Restoration, Bobette E. Jones, David F. Lile, and Kenneth W. Tate; Rangeland Ecology and Management

Fault Formation in Porous Sedimentary Rocks at High Strain Rates, Wendy R.O. Key

Plant community response to tamarisk invasion and hydrologic regime in the Cataract Canyon, Canyonlands National Park: A preliminary investigation, Susan G. Mortenson and Peter J. Weisberg

Do Changes in Connectivity Explain Desertification?, Gregory S. Okin, Anthony J. Parsons, John Wainwright, Jeffrey E. Herrick, Brandon T. Bestelmeyer, Debra C. Peters, and Ed L. Fredrickson; Bioscience

Monitoring Rangeland Health - A Guide for Facilitators and Pastoralist Communities, Corinna Riginos, Jeffrey E. Herrick, Jayne Belnap, Siva R. Sundaresan, Jeffrey S. Worden, and Margaret F. Kinnaird; Volume Draft Version I

Regional impacts of oil and gas development on ozone formation in the western United States, Marco A. Rodriguez, Michael G. Barna, and Tom Moore; Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association

Historical and modern disturbance regimes, stand structures, and landscape dynamics in piñon-juniper vegetation of the western United States, William H. Romme, Craig D. Allen, John D. Bailey, William L. Baker, Brandon T. Bestelmeyer, Peter M. Brown, Karen S. Eisenhart, M. Lisa Floyd, David W. Huffman, Brian F. Jacobs, Richard F. Miller, Esteban H. Muldavin, Thomas W. Swetnam, Robin J. Tausch, and Peter J. Weisberg; Rangeland Ecology & Management

On carbon sequestration in desert ecosystems, William H. Schlesinger, Jayne Belnap, and Giles Marion; Global Change Biology


Archaeal Populations in Biological Soil Crusts from Arid Lands in North America, T. Soule, I. J. Anderson, S. L. Johnson, and S. T. Bates; Soil Biology & Biochemistry

Biological consequences of earlier snowmelt from desert dust deposition in alpine landscapes, Heidi Steltzer, Chris Landry, Thomas H. Painter, Justin Anderson, and Edward Ayres; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

The Greening of Public Lands Grazing in the Southwestern U.S.A., Brian K. Sullivan; Conservation Biology

The dynamic interaction of climate, vegetation, and dust emission, Mojave Desert, USA, Frank E. Urban, Richard L. Reynolds, and Robert Fulton; Arid Environments and Wind Erosion

Natural recovery from severe disturbance in the Mojave Desert, Robert H. Webb, Jayne Belnap, and K. A. Thomas; The Mojave Desert: Ecosystem Processes and Sustainability

Intense seed predation by harvester ants on a rare mustard, Joshua P. White and Ian C. Robertson; Ecoscience


Environmental Journalism and Utah's National Parks, 1919--1971, Matthew John Baker


Protozoa of Biological Soil Crusts of a Cool Desert in Utah, S. S. Bamforth; Journal of Arid Environments


Transport Distance and Debitage Assemblage Diversity: An Application of the Field Processing Model to Southern Utah Toolstone Procurement Sites, R. Kelly Beck; American Antiquity

Biological Crusts, Jayne Belnap; Encyclopedia of Soil Science

Global change and biological soil crusts: Effects of ultraviolet augmentation under altered precipitation regimes and nitrogen additions, Jayne Belnap, Susan L. Phillips, Stephan Flint, John Money, and Martyn Caldwell; Global Change Biology

Visually assessing the level of development and soil surface stability of cyanobacterially dominated biological soil crusts, Jayne Belnap, Susan L. Phillips, D. L. Witwicki, and Mark E. Miller; Journal of Arid Environments

Monitoring ecosystem quality and function in arid settings of the Mojave Desert, Menlo Park, CA, Jayne Belnap, Robert H. Webb, Mark E. Miller, David M. Miller, Lesley A. DeFalco, Phillip A. Medica, Matthew L. Brooks, Todd C. Esque, and Dave Bedford; U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2008-5064

A simple classification of biological soil crust habitat on the Colorado Plateau, USA, Matthew A. Bowker and Jayne Belnap; Journal of Vegetation Science

Revisiting classic water erosion models in drylands: The strong impact of biological soil crusts, Matthew A. Bowker, Jayne Belnap, V. Bala Chaudhary, and Nancy C. Johnson; Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Short-term monitoring of aridland lichen cover and biomass using photography and fatty acids, Matthew A. Bowker, Nancy C. Johnson, Jayne Belnap, and George W. Koch; Journal of Arid Environments

Nutrient availability affects pigment production but not growth in lichens of biological soil crusts, Matthew A. Bowker, George W. Koch, Jayne Belnap, and Nancy C. Johnson; Soil Biology and Biochemistry


Upheaval Dome, Utah, USA: Impact Origin Confirmed, Elmar Buchner and Thomas Kenkmann; Geology


50,000 Years of Vegetation and Climate History on the Colorado Plateau, Utah and Arizona, USA, L. L. Coats, K. L. Cole, and J. I. Mead; Quaternary Research


Biogeochemical and Ecological Impacts of Livestock Grazing in Semi-Arid Southeastern Utah, USA, D. P. Fernandez, J. C. Neff, and R. L. Reynolds; Journal of Arid Environments

The biological soil crusts of the San Nicolas Islands: enigmatic algae from a geographically isolated ecosystem, Valerie R. Flechtner, Jeffrey R. Johansen, and Jayne Belnap; Western North American Naturalist

Edge of the Cedars State Park Museum collections, Winston Hurst and Teri L. Paul

Spatial gradients in ecohydrologic properties within a pinyon-juniper ecosystem, M. D. Madsen, D. G. Chandler, and Jayne Belnap; Ecohydrology

Sensitivity of the Colorado Plateau to change: climate, ecosystems and society, Susan Schwinning, Jayne Belnap, David R. Bowling, and James R. Ehleringer; Ecology and Society

Spring-supported vegetation along the Colorado River, Colorado Plateau: Floristics, vegetation structure, and environment, John R. Spence; Aridland Springs in North America: Ecology and Conservation (Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum Studies in Natural History)

Paleoecology of Early Jurassic Navajo Sandstone Interdune Deposits, Nathan Daniel Wilkens


ESA publications revisited, Jayne Belnap; Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

Wind erodibility of soils at Fort Irwin, California (Mojave Desert), USA, before and after trampling disturbance: Implications for land management, Jayne Belnap, Susan L. Phillips, J. E. Herrick, and J. R. Johansen; Earth Surface Processes and Landforms

Spatial modeling of biological soil crusts to support land management decisions: Indicators of range health and conservation-restoration value based upon the potential distribution of biological soil crusts in Montezuma Castle, Tuzigoot, Walnut Canyon, and Wupatki National Monuments, Arizona, Matthew A. Bowker, Jayne Belnap, and Mark E. Miller

Soil nematode communities are ecologically more mature beneath late- than early-successional stage biological soil crusts, Brian J. Darby, Deborah A. Neher, and Jayne Belnap; Applied Soil Ecology

From Outcrop to Reservoir Simulation Model: Workflow and Procedures, H. D. Enge, S. J. Buckley, A. Rotevatn, and J. A. Howell; Geosphere


Active Salt Tectonics in the Needles District, Canyonlands (Utah) as Detected by Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar and Point Target Analysis: 1992-2002, M. Furuya, K. Mueller, and J. Wahr; Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth

Dryland Ecosystems, Anne Hartley, Nichole Barger, Jayne Belnap, and Gregory S. Okin; Nutrient Cycling in Terrestrial Ecosystems

Heterogeneity of soil nutrients and subsurface biota in a dryland ecosystem, David C. Housman, Chris M. Yeager, Brian J. Darby, Robert L. Sanford Jr., Cheryl R. Kuske, Deborah A. Neher, and Jayne Belnap; Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Increase in surface ozone at rural sites in the western US, Dan Jaffe and John Ray; Atmospheric Environment

Field evaluations of sampling methods for long-term monitoring of upland ecosystems on the Colorado Plateau, Mark E. Miller, Dana L. Witwicki, Rebecca K. Mann, and Nicole J. Tancreto; U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1243

Changes in the Composition of Grassland Communities within Indian Creek and Canyonlands National Park, Utah : interdependence of Cryptobiotic Soil Cover and Cattle Grazing on Diversity and Cover of Vegetation Species, Kyle Nehring

Do soil characteristics or microhabitat determine field emergence and success of Bromus tectorum?, B. A. Newingham, P. Vidiella, and Jayne Belnap; Journal of Arid Environments


Compactional Deformation Bands in Wingate Sandstone; Additional Evidence of an Impact Origin for Upheaval Dome, Utah, C. H. Okubo and R A. Schultz; Earth and Planetary Science Letters

A field guide to biological soil crusts of western U.S. drylands: Common lichens and bryophytes, Roger Rosentreter, Matthew Bowker, and Jayne Belnap; Bureau of Land Management

Field-based evaluation of sampling techniques to support long-term monitoring of riparian ecosystems along wadeable streams on the Colorado Plateau, M. L. Scott and E. W. Reynolds; U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1266

Veg mappers find “new” plants for Utah National Parks, Sarah Topp; Sego Lily


Home Range Characteristics of Mexican Spotted Owls in the Canyonlands of Utah, D. W. Willey and C. Van Riper; Journal of Raptor Research

Geologic Map of the Abajo Mountains Area, San Juan County, Utah, Irving Jerome Witkind

Three distinct clades of cultured heterocystous cyanobacteria comprise the dominant N2-fixing members of biological soil crusts of the Colorado Plateau, USA, Chris M. Yeager, Jennifer L. Kornosky, Rachael E. Morgan, Elizabeth C. Cain, Ferran Garcia-Pichel, David C. Housman, Jayne Belnap, and Cheryl R. Kuske; FEMS Microbiology Ecology



Impacts of Biological Soil Crust Disturbance and Composition on C and N Loss from Water Erosion, N. N. Barger, J. E. Herrick, J. Van Zee, and J. Belnap; Biogeochemistry

From the ground up: Biological soil crusts in the Sonoran Desert, Jayne Belnap; Great Natural Reserves of the Sonoran Desert

The potential roles of biological soil crusts in dryland hydrologic cycles, Jayne Belnap; Hydrological Processes

Soil lichen and moss cover and species richness can be highly dynamic: The effects of invasion by the annual exotic grass Bromus tectorum, precipitation, and temperature on biological soil crusts in SE Utah, Jayne Belnap, Susan L. Phillips, and Tonya Troxler; Applied Soil Ecology

Processes of Tamarix Invasion and Floodplain Development along the Lower Green River, Utah, Adam S. Birken and David J. Cooper; Ecological Applications

Correlates of biological soil crust abundance across a continuum of spatial scales: Support for a hierarchical conceptual model, Matthew A. Bowker, Jayne Belnap, Diane W. Davidson, and Harland Goldstein; Journal of Applied Ecology

Spatial Modeling of Biological Soil Crusts to Support Rangeland Assessment and Monitoring, Matthew A. Bowker, Jayne Belnap, and Mark E. Miller; Rangeland Ecology & Management

Effects of altered temperature and precipitation on desert protozoa associated with biological soil crusts, Brian J. Darby, David C. Housman, Amr M. Zaki, Yassein Shamout, Sina M. Adl, Jayne Belnap, and Deborah A. Neher; The Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology

Soil Respiration in the Cold Desert Environment of the Colorado Plateau (USA): Abiotic Regulators and Thresholds, Daniel P. Fernandez, Jason C. Neff, Jayne Belnap, and Richard L. Reynolds; Biogeochemistry

Arbuscular mycorrhizal assemblages in native plant roots change in the presence of invasive exotic grasses, Christine V. Hawkes, Jayne Belnap, Carla D'Antonio, and Mary K. Firestone; Plant and Soil


Carbon and Nitrogen Fixation Differ between Successional Stages of Biological Soil Crusts in the Colorado Plateau and Chihuahuan Desert, D. C. Housman, H. H. Powers, A. D. Collins, and J. Belnap; Journal of Arid Environments

Effects of water additions,chemical amendments, and plants on in situ measures of nutrient bioavailability in calcareoussoils of southeastern Utah, U.S.A., Mark E. Miller, Jayne Belnap, Susan W. Beatty, and Bruce L. Webb; Plant and Soil


Performance of Bromus tectorum L. in Relation to Soil Properties, Water Additions, and Chemical Amendments in Calcareous Soils of Southeastern Utah, USA, M. E. Miller, J. Belnap, S. W. Beatty, and R. L. Reynolds; Plant and Soil


Controls of Bedrock Geochemistry on Soil and Plant Nutrients in Southeastern Utah, J. C. Neff, R. Reynolds, R. L. Sanford, D. Fernandez, and P. Lamothe; Ecosystems

Direct effects of soil amendments on field emergence and growth of the invasive annual grass Bromus tectorum L. and the native perennial grass Hilaria jamesii (Torr.) Benth, Beth A. Newingham and Jayne Belnap; Plant and Soil

Atmospheric dust in modern soil on aeolian sandstone, Colorado Plateau (USA): Variation with landscape position and contribution to potential plant nutrients, Richard Reynolds, Jason Neff, Marith Reheis, and Paul Lamothe; Geoderma

Late Quaternary eolian dust in surficial deposits of a Colorado Plateau grassland: Controls on distribution and ecologic effects, Richard Reynolds, Marith C. Reheis, Jason C. Neff, Harland Goldstein, and James Yount; CATENA


Bromus tectorum Invasion Alters Nitrogen Dynamics in an Undisturbed Arid Grassland Ecosystem, L. J. Sperry, J. Belnap, and R. D. Evans; Ecology



NO Gas Loss from Biologically Crusted Soils in Canyonlands National Park, Utah, N. N. Barger, J. Belnap, D. S. Ojima, and A. Moiser; Biogeochemistry

Determination and Quantification of Low Molecular Carbonyl Compounds in the Atmosphere of Grand Canyon and Canyonlands National Parks, Octavio Valenzuela Bayona

Crusts: Biological, Jayne Belnap; Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment

Cyanobacteria and Algae, Jayne Belnap; Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology: Upper Saddle River

Biological Soil Crusts and Global Changes: What Does the Future Hold?, Jayne Belnap and Otto L. Lange; The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem

Lichens and microfungi in biological soil crusts: Community structure, physiology and ecological functions, Jayne Belnap and Otto L. Lange; The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem


Soil Biota Can Change after Exotic Plant Invasion: Does This Affect Ecosystem Processes?, Jayne Belnap, Susan L. Phillips, Susan K. Sherrod, and Andy Moldenke; Ecology

Linkages between microbial and hydrologic processes in arid and semi-arid watersheds, Jayne Belnap, Jill R. Welter, Nancy B. Grimm, Nichole Barger, and John A. Ludwig; Ecology

Evidence for micronutrient limitation of biological soil crusts: Importance to arid-lands restoration, Matthew A. Bowker, Jayne Belnap, Diane W. Davidson, and Susan L. Phillips; Ecological Applications

Regional vegetation die-off in response to global-change-type drought, David D. Breshears, Neil S. Cobb, Paul M. Rich, Kevin P. Price, Craig D. Allen, Randy G. Balice, William H. Romme, Jude H. Kastens, M. Lisa Floyd, Jayne Belnap, Jesse J. Anderson, Orrin B. Myers, and Clifton W. Meyer; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America


Mammals of the National Parks, John H. Burde and George A. Feldhamer


Deformed Streams Reveal Growth and Linkage of a Normal Fault Array in the Canyonlands Graben, Utah, D. Commins, S. Gupta, and J. Cartwright; Geology

Soil Organic Matter in the Canyonlands Physiogarphic [i.e. physiographic] Section of the Colorado Plateau : Biochemical Dynamics and Land Use Perspectives, Daniel P. Fernandez


Particle Size, CaCO3, Chemical, Magnetic, and Age Data from Surficial Deposits in and around Canyonlands National Park, Utah, Harland Goldstein, Richard Reynolds, Marith Reheis, James Yount, Paul Lamothe, Helen Roberts, and John McGeehin

Haze and Pollution Sources over the Grand Canyon and Canyonlands National Parks, S. L. Huang, C. Popp, R. Arimoto, and R. Martin

Relevance of ammonium oxidation within biological soil crust communities, Shannon L. Johnson, Charles R. Budinoff, Jayne Belnap, and Ferran Garcia-Pichel; Environmental Microbiology

The Structure and Functioning of Dryland Ecosystems—Conceptual Models to Inform Long-Term Ecological Monitoring, Mark E. Miller; U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2005-5197


Multi-Decadal Impacts of Grazing on Soil Physical and Biogeochemical Properties in Southeast Utah, J. C. Neff, R. L. Reynolds, J. Belnap, and P. Lamothe; Ecological Applications

Social Capital and Implementation: A Comparative Analysis of Trail Planning Projects, Lori Porreca

A Field-Scale Analysis of the Dependence of Wind Erosion Threshold Velocity on Air Humidity, S. Ravi and P. D' Odorico; Geophysical Research Letters


Late Quaternary Eolian and Alluvial Response to Paleoclimate, Canyonlands, Southeastern Utah, M. C. Reheis, R. L. Reynolds, H. Goldstein, and H. M. Roberts; Geological Society of America Bulletin


Summer and Winter Drought in a Cold Desert Ecosystem (Colorado Plateau) Part II: Effects on Plant Carbon Assimilation and Growth, S. Schwinning, B. I. Starr, and J. R. Ehleringer; Journal of Arid Environments

Summer and winter drought in a cold desert ecosystem (Colorado Plateau) part I: effects on soil water and plant water uptake, Susanne Schwinning, Benjamin I. Starr, and James R. Ehleringer; Journal of Arid Environments

Cataract Canyon: A Human and Environmental History of the Rivers in Canyonlands, K. Z. Sweeney; Journal of the West