Date of Award:

1991

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences

Department name when degree awarded

Nutrition and Food Sciences

Advisor/Chair:

Conly L. Hansen

Abstract

This study examined biological mercury removal from soil using mercury-resistant bacteria in soil microcosms. Mercuric chloride was used to artificially contaminate Kidman soil to mercury concentrations of 5 ppm and 10 ppm. Soil moisture content was maintained at three levels, 20%, 30% and 50%. Mercury resistant-bacteria were added to soil samples and the mercury removal rate was compared to control samples without added bacteria. Mercury removal rate was initially enhanced by the addition of bacteria. After 30 days, no difference was observed between samples and controls with initial mercury concentration of 5 ppm when soil moisture content was 20%. At an initial mercury concentration of 10 ppm, soil samples had less mercury remaining than controls after 30 days. Autoclaved soil had a decreased mercury removal rate compared to soil not autoclaved. Addition of nutrient (sucrose) did not increase the mercury removal rate. A slurry-type bioreactor was found to be more efficient than a non-stir type. After 30 days of continuous stirring, 85-90% of the added mercury (10 ppm) was removed, while under the same conditions except no stirring, only around 60% of the mercury was removed.

Overall, biological detoxification of mercury from contaminated soil can be achieved by using a slurry-type bioreactor with additon of mercury-resistant bacteria.

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