Date of Award:

8-2022

Document Type:

Dissertation

Degree Name:

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department:

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Committee Chair(s)

Jeffery S. Horsburgh

Committee

Jeffery S. Horsburgh

Committee

David Rosenberg

Committee

Brian Crookston

Committee

Alfonso Torres-Rua

Committee

John Edwards

Abstract

With rapid growth of urban populations and limited water resources, achieving an appropriate balance between water supply capacity and residential water demand poses a significant challenge to water supplying agencies. With the recent emergence of smart metering technology, where water use can be monitored and recorded at high resolution (e.g., observations of water use every 5 seconds), most existing research has been aimed at providing water managers with detailed information about the water use behavior of their consumers and the performance of water using fixtures. However, replacing existing meters with smart meters is expensive, and effectively using data produced by smart meters can be a roadblock for water utilities that lack sophisticated information technology expertise. The research in this dissertation presents low cost, open source cyberinfrastructure aimed at addressing these challenges. Components developed include an open source algorithm for identifying and classifying water end use events from smart meter data, a low cost datalogging and computational device that enables existing water meters to collect high resolution data and compute end use information, and a detailed water demand model that uses end use event information to simulate residential water use at a municipality level. Using this cyberinfrastructure, we conducted a case study application in the cities of Logan and Providence, Utah. We tested the applicability of the disaggregation algorithm in quantifying water end uses for different meter sizes and types. We tested the datalogging computational device at a residential household and demonstrated collection, disaggregation, and transfer of high resolution flow data and classified events into a secure server. Finally, we demonstrated a water demand model that simulates the detailed water end uses of Logan’s residents using a combination of a set of representative water end use events and monthly billing data. Using the data we collected and the outputs from the model, we demonstrated opportunities for conserving water through improving the efficiency of water using fixtures and promoting behavior changes.

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