Young Children's Attention to Dyadic Conversation as Modified by Grade, Sex, Sociometric Status, and Conversational Partner
Genetic, Social and General Psychology Monographs
Forty-eight American children, 12 popular and 12 rejected children from Grades 3 and 6, were paired with same-sex friends and nonfriends on an interactive task. Children were videotaped and their interactions judged for the amount and type of attention each child in the dyad gave to each other and the conversation. Main dependent measures included mutual engagements, acknowledgement of the partner, getting the attention of the partner, attention to the conversation, and social impact of the utterances. Both rejected and popular children attended to the conversation and the partner, but rejected children appeared to overattend in several ways. The interactions of rejected children and their matches involved more mutual engagements, conversational initiators, facilitators, terminators, and nonverbal attention-getting devices. Sex and developmental effects were also found.
Young Children's Attention to Dyadic Conversation as Modified by Grade, Sex, Sociometric Status, and Conversational Partner. Ann M. Berghout Austin, Genetic, Social and General Psychology Monographs, 1985, 111 (2), 151-165.