Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Departmental Honors


Kinesiology and Health Science


The purpose of this study was to compare dynamic stability on land and in water, between young and middle-aged adults performing plyometric exercises. Twenty adults were asked to volunteer: Young = 24.40 ± 2.63 years, n = 10 and middle-aged = 46.80 ± 3.05 years, n = 10. Participants performed three plyometric exercises (countermovement jump, squat jump, and drop landing) on land and in waist-deep water. Dynamic stability was assessed during landing for each exercise using a time to stabilization (TTS) paradigm. Data were collected via a waterproof force plate positioned on an adjustable-depth pool floor and analyzed with a 2 (age) X 2 (environment) x 3 (jump type) repeated measures ANOVA. Results revealed TTS was greater on land (1.45 ± 0.12s) than in water (1.35 ± 0.12s) for two jumps (p = 0.01). Across both age groups, dynamic stability was better in the water. This suggests that jump training in water may be beneficial for improving dynamic stability.



Faculty Mentor

Eadric Bressel

Departmental Honors Advisor

Eadric Bressel

Capstone Committee Member

Edward Heath