Despite the violence against Indigenous women, girls, and two-spirit people occurring at epidemic levels there is little national visibility and data pertaining to the lived experiences of American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) individuals and communities. The purpose of this manuscript is to specifically focus on violence regarding the missing and murdered Indigenous women, girls, and two-spirit people with a concentration on human trafficking. AI/AN leaders have identified human trafficking as a major contributor to the disappearance of AI/AN women, girls, and two-spirit people (Department of Justice, 2018). In a trauma-informed intersectional approach we review available data discussing the negative impacts on the brain, the role of complex trauma, and behavioral outcomes while highlighting cultural strengths and resilience. We conclude with culturally relevant and research-informed recommendations to continue to help raise awareness and action to end human trafficking.
Stumblingbear-Riddle, Glenna P. Ph.D.; Burlew, Ann K. Ph.D.; Gaztambide, Daniel Psy.D.; Madore, Michelle R. Ph.D.; Neville, Helen Ph.D.; and Joseph, Gillian
"Standing with our American Indian and Alaska Native Women, Girls, and Two-Spirit People: Exploring the Impact of and Resources for Survivors of Human Trafficking,"
Journal of Indigenous Research: Vol. 7:
1, Article 1.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/kicjir/vol7/iss1/1