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Journal of Digital Landscape Architecture


Wichmann Verlag im VDE Verlag GmbH

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Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


If a neighbourhood park fails to meet the needs of its residents usage may decrease, which potentially makes the park vulnerable to crime and social disorder. Despite the popularity of studying park visitation or park-based physical activity, there is a lack of studies on factors associated with empty parks. This study explores factors related to the underutilisation of neighbourhood parks in Salt Lake County, Utah, USA, using a novel data collection approach – unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The findings from exploratory video analysis and inferential statistical modelling show that park programs and neighbourhood environments, as well as temporal aspects, are associated with the likelihood of empty parks. Additional analyses of no-child, no-senior, and no-female parks, respectively, support these findings. An understanding of park-use dynamics could promote effective plans, policies, and programs that promote park utilisation and park-based physical activity.