Credibility and Public Diplomacy
Contribution to Book
Routledge Handbook of Public Diplomacy
Immediately following the tragic events of September 11, 2001, George W. Bush enjoyed record high public approval ratings in the U.S.A., ranging from the mid 80s to the low 90s, depending on which polls one consulted.1 His ratings slipped during the invasion of Iraq, then spiked again following his famous "mission accomplished" speech aboard the USS Abraham Lincoln on May 1, 2003. Afterwards, his public approval ratings declined precipitously.As of early 2007;Bush was polling in the high 20s to low 30s, the lowest presidential ratings recorded since Richard Nixon during the Watergate era or Jimmy Carter during the Iran hostage crisis.2
Gass, R. H., & Seiter, J. S. (2009). Credibility and Public Diplomacy. In N. Snow & P. M. Taylor (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Public Diplomacy (pp. 154-165). New York: Routledge.