Mediation in the U.S.A., China, Japan, and Korea
Currently, the mediation literature is extensive and appears fairly complete: it describes the mediation process, the inducements to mediate, the techniques employed by mediators, and the mediation outcomes. While the literature does make contributions, it is culture-bound, in that it -for the most part- is based on the responses of Western mediators, studied by Western researchers, relying on assumptions embedded in their culture and writing for Western journals (1). That is why the mediation literature can provide only a narrow base for extrapolating findings to mediation in other countries or for theorizing about differences among countries. To overcome these limitations, we can take a 'dead reckoning' approach to theory building. In this article we explain this approach and use it to develop predictions about differences in mediation in the USA, China, Japan, and Korea.
Wall, J. A. Jr., Blum, M. Callister, R. R., Jin, D. J., Kim, N. H. Sohn, D. W. 1998. Mediation in the U.S.A., China, Japan, and Korea. Security Dialogue, 29: 235-248.