Discriminant Validity of Self-Reported Anxiety and Depression in Children: Negative Affectivity or Independent Constructs?
Journal of Clinical Child Psychology
Taylor & Francis
Replicated recent investigations in the adult literature regarding the relation between anxiety and depression with a sample of children using sophisticated multivariate analyses. Nonreferred school children were administered commonly employed self-report measures of anxiety (Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children) and depression (Children's Depression Inventory and Reynolds Child Depression Scale). Covariance structure analyses using the LISREL 7 program investigated whether a one- or two-factor model would best fit the data. A two-factor model was identified as better, based on chi-square and goodness-of-fit indices. Results suggest that the distinction between anxiety and depression should be maintained.
Crowley, S. L. & Emerson, E. N. (1996). Discriminant validity of self-reported anxiety and depression in children: negative affectivity or independent constructs? Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 25, 139-146.