Session

Session 8 2022

Start Date

10-27-2022 12:00 AM

Abstract

A detrimental problem of scour downstream of a Bagmari Syphon in the feeder canal off taking from Farakka Barrage on the Ganga River, West Bengal, India has kindled our interest in understanding the scour process downstream of a broad crested drowned weir. A river was syphoned across the Feeder canal at Bagmari, flushing the top of the syphon with canal bed. However, the canal bed degraded over the years and resulted in exposure and protrusion of the syphon barrel above the canal bed and acting as a broad crested drowned weir. Due to the acceleration of flow over the barrel, scour has developed downstream of the barrel. This problem has been formulated and studied in the laboratory to study the scour process and its mitigation measures using boulders. Experiments have been carried out in the Hydraulics Laboratory of IIT Roorkee, India in a flume of 12.5 m length, 0.46 m width, 0.70 m depth for the different protruding height of weir and flow intensity, keeping ratio of shear stress of approach flow to critical shear stress less than unity. Study on factors affecting maximum scour depth and its temporal variation were analyzed graphically. The scour depth increases with an increase in protruding height of weir and flow intensity. It has been found that maximum scour reduces significantly using boulder apron. The maximum reduction in scour depth with boulder apron lies in the 44% - 68% range and the range of shift in maximum scour depth from weir with boulder apron was 1.6-1.8 times from the original location of maximum scour depth without boulder apron.

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Oct 27th, 12:00 AM

Scour Downstream of a Broad Crested Drowned Weir

A detrimental problem of scour downstream of a Bagmari Syphon in the feeder canal off taking from Farakka Barrage on the Ganga River, West Bengal, India has kindled our interest in understanding the scour process downstream of a broad crested drowned weir. A river was syphoned across the Feeder canal at Bagmari, flushing the top of the syphon with canal bed. However, the canal bed degraded over the years and resulted in exposure and protrusion of the syphon barrel above the canal bed and acting as a broad crested drowned weir. Due to the acceleration of flow over the barrel, scour has developed downstream of the barrel. This problem has been formulated and studied in the laboratory to study the scour process and its mitigation measures using boulders. Experiments have been carried out in the Hydraulics Laboratory of IIT Roorkee, India in a flume of 12.5 m length, 0.46 m width, 0.70 m depth for the different protruding height of weir and flow intensity, keeping ratio of shear stress of approach flow to critical shear stress less than unity. Study on factors affecting maximum scour depth and its temporal variation were analyzed graphically. The scour depth increases with an increase in protruding height of weir and flow intensity. It has been found that maximum scour reduces significantly using boulder apron. The maximum reduction in scour depth with boulder apron lies in the 44% - 68% range and the range of shift in maximum scour depth from weir with boulder apron was 1.6-1.8 times from the original location of maximum scour depth without boulder apron.