Canyonlands Research Bibliography

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Magnificent microbes: Biological soil crusts in Piñon-Juniper communities, Jayne Belnap; Ancient Piñon-Juniper Woodlands: A Natural History of Mesa Verde Country

Management recommendations for hanging gardens in Arches National Park, Canyonlands National Park, Dinosaur National Monument, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Natural Bridges National Monument, and Zion National Park, J. F. Fowler, N. L. Stanton, and S. W. Buskirk

Mapping ecological sites for long-term monitoring in national parks, Steven L. Garman, Dana L. Witwicki, and Aneth Wight; The Colorado Plateau IV, Shaping Conservation through Science and Management


Mechanics of Graben Evolution in Canyonlands National Park, Utah, P. Walsh and D. D. Schultz-Ela; Geological Society of America Bulletin

Microbes and microfauna associated with biological soil crusts, Jayne Belnap; Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management

Microbial colonization and controls in dryland systems, Stephen B. Pointing and Jayne Belnap; Nature Reviews Microbiology

Microbiotic Crusts and Ecosystem Processes, R. D. Evans and J. R. Johansen; Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences

Microbiotic crusts: Their role in past and present ecosystems, Jayne Belnap; Park Science


Microclimate and Propagule Availability are Equally Important for Rehabilitation of Dryland N-Fixing Lichens, Matthew A. Bowker, J. Belnap, and D. W. Davidson; Restoration Ecology

Microenvironments and microscale productivity of cyanobacterial desert crusts, Ferran Garcia-Pichel and Jayne Belnap; Journal of Phycology

Microphytic crusts: 'Topsoil' of the desert, Jayne Belnap; Permaculture Drylands Journal

Microtopography of microbiotic crusts on the Colorado Plateau, and distribution of component organisms, D. B. George, D. W. Davidson, K. C. Schliep, and L. J. Patrell-Kim; Western North American Naturalist


Modeling of Grabens Extending above Evaporites in Canyonlands National Park, Utah, D. D. Schultz-Ela and P. Walsh; Journal of Structural Geology

Monitoring ecosystem quality and function in arid settings of the Mojave Desert, Menlo Park, CA, Jayne Belnap, Robert H. Webb, Mark E. Miller, David M. Miller, Lesley A. DeFalco, Phillip A. Medica, Matthew L. Brooks, Todd C. Esque, and Dave Bedford; U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2008-5064

Monitoring Rangeland Health - A Guide for Facilitators and Pastoralist Communities, Corinna Riginos, Jeffrey E. Herrick, Jayne Belnap, Siva R. Sundaresan, Jeffrey S. Worden, and Margaret F. Kinnaird; Volume Draft Version I


Multi-Decadal Impacts of Grazing on Soil Physical and Biogeochemical Properties in Southeast Utah, J. C. Neff, R. L. Reynolds, J. Belnap, and P. Lamothe; Ecological Applications

Natural recovery from severe disturbance in the Mojave Desert, Robert H. Webb, Jayne Belnap, and K. A. Thomas; The Mojave Desert: Ecosystem Processes and Sustainability

Nitrogen fixation in biological soil crusts from southeast Utah, USA, Jayne Belnap; Biology and Fertility of Soils


NO Gas Loss from Biologically Crusted Soils in Canyonlands National Park, Utah, N. N. Barger, J. Belnap, D. S. Ojima, and A. Moiser; Biogeochemistry

Non-native brome grasses in the new National Monument, Diane W. Davidson and Jayne Belnap; Learning from the Land: Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument Science Symposium Proceedings

Nutrient availability affects pigment production but not growth in lichens of biological soil crusts, Matthew A. Bowker, George W. Koch, Jayne Belnap, and Nancy C. Johnson; Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Observational and Synoptic Analyses of the Winter Precipitation Regime Change over Utah, Robert R. Gillies, Shih-Yu Wang, and Marty R. Booth; Journal of Climate

Occurrence of Four Major Perennial Grasses in Relation to Edaphic Factors in a Pristine Community, Edgar F. Kleiner and K. T. Harper; Journal of Range Management

On carbon sequestration in desert ecosystems, William H. Schlesinger, Jayne Belnap, and Giles Marion; Global Change Biology


On the brink of change: plant responses to climate on the Colorado Plateau, Seth M. Munson, Jayne Belnap, M. Schelz, Mary Moran, and T. W. Caolin; Ecosphere

Opportunities for Increasing Utility of Models for Rangeland Management, Justin D. Derner, David J. Augustine, James C. Ascough, and Lajpat R. Ahuja; Rangeland Ecology & Management


Origin of the Salt Valleys in the Canyonlands Section of the Colorado Plateau - Evaporite-Dissolution Collapse Versus Tectonic Subsidence, F. Gutierrez; Geomorphology


Paleo-Yardangs -- Wind-Scoured Desert Landforms at the Permo-Triassic Unconformity, D. W. Tewes and D. B. Loope; Sedimentology

Patterns of plant invasions: A case example in native species hotspots and rare habitats, Thomas J. Stohlgren, Yuka Otsuki, Cynthia A. Villa, Michelle Lee, and Jayne Belnap; Biological Invasions

Patton's tracks in the Mojave Desert, USA: An ecological legacy, Jayne Belnap and Steven D. Warren; Arid Land Research and Management


Performance of Bromus tectorum L. in Relation to Soil Properties, Water Additions, and Chemical Amendments in Calcareous Soils of Southeastern Utah, USA, M. E. Miller, J. Belnap, S. W. Beatty, and R. L. Reynolds; Plant and Soil

Photosynthesis of green algal soil crust lichens from arid lands in southern Utah, USA: Role of water content on light and temperature responses of CO2 exchange, Otto L. Lange, Jayne Belnap, H. Reichenberger, and A. Meyer; Flora

Photosynthesis of the cyanobacterial soilcrust lichen Collema tenax from arid lands in southern Utah, USA: Role of water content on light and temperature responses of CO2 exchange, Otto L. Lange, Jayne Belnap, and H. Reichenberger; Functional Ecology

Physical, chemical, ecological and age data and trench logs from surficial deposits at Hatch Point, southeastern Utah, Harland L. Goldstein, Mark E. Miller, James C. Yount, Marith C. Reheis, Richard L. Reynolds, Jayne Belnap, Paul J. Lamothe, and John P. McGeehan; U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report

Physiological ecology of the desert moss Syntrichia caninervis after ten years exposure to elevated CO2: evidence for enhanced photosynthetic thermotolerance, Kirsten K. Coe, Jayne Belnap, Edmund E. Grote, and Jed P. Sparks; Physiologia Plantarum

Plant community response to tamarisk invasion and hydrologic regime in the Cataract Canyon, Canyonlands National Park: A preliminary investigation, Susan G. Mortenson and Peter J. Weisberg


Population Growth, Fecundity, and Survivorship in Recovering Populations of Bighorn Sheep, F. J. Singer, E. Williams, M. W. Miller, and L. C. Zeigenfuss; Restoration Ecology

Post-cultivation recovery of biological soil crusts in semi-arid native grasslands, southern Australia, A. L. Briggs and J. W. Morgan; Journal of Arid Environments

Post-fire land treatments and wind erosion - Lessons from the Milford Flat Fire, UT, USA, Mark E. Miller, Matthew A. Bowker, Richard L. Reynolds, and Harland L. Goldstein; Aeolian Research

Potential for influencing native bunchgrass restoration by manipulating soil biota, R. L. Johnston and Jayne Belnap; Conservation and Management of Native Plants and Fungi

Potential role of cryptobiotic soil crusts in semiarid rangelands, Jayne Belnap; Proceedings: Symposium on Ecology, Management, and Restoration of Intermountain Annual Rangelands

Precipitation-driven carbon balance controls survivorship of desert biocrust mosses, Kirsten K. Coe, Jayne Belnap, and Jed P. Sparks; Ecology

Predicting regime shifts in flow of the Colorado River, Subhrendu Gangopadhyay and Gregory J. McCabe; Geophysical Research Letters

Processes of Faulting in Jointed Rocks of Canyonlands National Park, Utah, J. M. Moore and R. A. Schultz; Geological Society of America Bulletin

Processes of Tamarix Invasion and Floodplain Development along the Lower Green River, Utah, Adam S. Birken and David J. Cooper; Ecological Applications


Protozoa of Biological Soil Crusts of a Cool Desert in Utah, S. S. Bamforth; Journal of Arid Environments


Radiocarbon Dates on the All American Man Pictograph, Marian Hyman, Marvin W. Rowe, Nancy J. Coulam, Alan Schroedl, and Kathleen Hogue; American Antiquity

Rain pulse response of soil CO(2) exchange by biological soil crusts and grasslands of the semiarid Colorado Plateau, United States, D. R. Bowling, E. E. Grote, and J. Belnap; Journal of Biophysical Research: Biogeosciences

Ranching and Multiyear Droughts in Utah: Production Impacts, Risk Perceptions, and Changes in Preparedness, D. Layne Coppock; Rangeland Ecology & Management

Rare drought-induced mortality of juniper is enhanced by edaphic stressors and influenced by stand density, M. A. Bowker, A. Munoz, T. Martinez, and M. K. Lau; Journal of Arid Environments

Recovery rates of cryptobiotic crusts: Inoculant use and assessment methods, Jayne Belnap; Great Basin Naturalist

Reestablishing cold-desert grasslands: A seeding experiment in Canyonlands National Park, Utah, Jayne Belnap and S. Sharpe; Proceedings: Wildland Shrub and Arid Land Restoration Symposium


Regional and Climatic Controls on Seasonal Dust Deposition in the Southwestern US, Marith Reheis and Frank Urban; Aeolian Research

Regional impacts of oil and gas development on ozone formation in the western United States, Marco A. Rodriguez, Michael G. Barna, and Tom Moore; Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association

Regional vegetation die-off in response to global-change-type drought, David D. Breshears, Neil S. Cobb, Paul M. Rich, Kevin P. Price, Craig D. Allen, Randy G. Balice, William H. Romme, Jude H. Kastens, M. Lisa Floyd, Jayne Belnap, Jesse J. Anderson, Orrin B. Myers, and Clifton W. Meyer; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America


Relay-Ramp Forms and Norma-Fault Linkages, Canyonlands National-Park, Utah, B. Trudgill and J. Cartwright; Geological Society of America Bulletin

Relevance of ammonium oxidation within biological soil crust communities, Shannon L. Johnson, Charles R. Budinoff, Jayne Belnap, and Ferran Garcia-Pichel; Environmental Microbiology

Repeated use of ion-exchange resin membranes in calcareous soils: Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, S. K. Sherrod, Jayne Belnap, and Mark E. Miller; Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis

Response and resilience of soil biocrust bacterial communities to chronic physical disturbance in arid shrublands, Cheryl R. Kuske, Chris M. Yeager, Shannon Johnson, Lawrence O. Ticknor, and Jayne Belnap; The ISME Journal

Response of Colorado River runoff to dust radiative forcing in snow, Thomas H. Painter, Jeffrey S. Deems, Jayne Belnap, Alan F. Hamlet, Christopher C. Landry, and Bradley Udall; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Response of desert biological soil crusts to alterations in precipitation frequency, Jayne Belnap, Susan L. Phillips, and Mark E. Miller; Oecologia

Responses of Desert Bighorn Sheep to Increased Human Recreation, C. M. Papouchis, F. J. Singer, and W. B. Sloan; Journal of Wildlife Management


Responses of wind erosion to climate induced vegetation changes on the Colorado Plateau, S. M. Munson, J. Belnap, and G. S. Okin; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Review of the Air Quality Biological Effects Research Program, Saguaro National Monument, Arizona, W. L. Halvorson, S. Veirs, B. Shaw, D. Meko, J. AcAuliffe, R. Hiebert, E. Betterton, and Jayne Belnap; Technical Report

Revisiting classic water erosion models in drylands: The strong impact of biological soil crusts, Matthew A. Bowker, Jayne Belnap, V. Bala Chaudhary, and Nancy C. Johnson; Soil Biology and Biochemistry

Revolutionary Land Use Change in the 21st Century: Is (Rangeland) Science Relevant?, J. E. Herrick, J. R. Brown, B. T. Bestelmeyer, S. S. Andrews, G. Baldi, J. Davies, M. Duniway, K. M. Havstad, J. W. Karl, D. L. Karlen, D. P.C. Peters, J. N. Quinton, C. Riginos, P. L. Shaver, D. Steinaker, and S. Twomlow; Rangeland Ecology & Management

Roads as Conduits for Exotic Plant Invasions in a Semiarid Landscape, Jonathan L. Gelbard and Jayne Belnap; Conservation Biology

Roberts Rift, Canyonlands, Utah, A Natural Hydraulic Fracture Caused by Comet or Asteroid Impact, P. W. Huntoon and E. M. Shoemaker; Ground Water

Runoff at contrasting scales in a semiarid ecosystem: A complex balance between biological soil crust features and rainfall characteristics, Sonia Chamizo, Yolanda Canton, Emilio Rodriguez-Caballero, Francisco Domingo, and Adrian Escudero; Journal of Hydrology

Safeguarding Species, Languages, and Cultures in the Time of Diversity Loss: From the Colorado Plateau to Global Hotspots, Gary Paul Nabhan, Patrick Pynes, and Tony Joe; Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden

Sandstone Scarp Form and Retreat in the Land of Standing Rocks, Conyonlands-National-Park, Utah, R. M. Nicholas and J. C. Dixon; Zeitschrift Fur Geomorphologie


Second Record of the Mexican Big-Eared Bat in Utah, David M. Armstrong; The Southwestern Naturalist


Sediment Losses and Gains Across a Gradient of Livestock Grazing and Plant Invasion in A Cool, Semi-Arid Grassland, Colorado Plateau, USA, J. Belnap, Richard L. Reynolds, Marith Reheis, Susan L. Phillips, Fank E. Urban, and Harland L. Goldstein; Aeolian Research

Sediment losses and gains across a gradient of livestock grazing and plant invasion in a cool, semi-arid grassland, Colorado Plateau, USA, Jayne Belnap, Richard L. Reynolds, Marith C. Reheis, Susan L. Phillips, Frank E. Urban, and Harland L. Goldstein; Aeolian Research

Seed banks in a degraded desert shrubland: Influence of soil surface condition and harvester ant activity on seed abundance, L. A. DeFalco, T. C. Esque, J. M. Kane, and M. B. Nicklas; Journal of Arid Environments


Seismic Reflection Study of Upheaval Dome, Canyonlands National Park, Utah, Z. Kanbur, J. N. Louie, S. Chavez-Perez, G. Plank, and D. Morey; Journal of Geophysical Research-Planets

Sensitivity of desert cryptogams to air pollutants: Soil crusts and rock lichens, Jayne Belnap; Acid Rain and Air Pollution in Desert Park Areas Technical Report

Sensitivity of the Colorado Plateau to change: climate, ecosystems and society, Susan Schwinning, Jayne Belnap, David R. Bowling, and James R. Ehleringer; Ecology and Society

Shifting species interactions in terrestrial dryland ecosystems under altered water availability and climate change, Kevin E. McCluney, Jayne Belnap, Scott L. Collins, Angelica L. Gonzalez, Elizabeth M. Hagen, J. Nathaniel Holland, Burt P. Kotler, Fernando T. Maestre, Stanley D. Smith, and Blair O. Wolf; Biological Reviews

Short-term monitoring of aridland lichen cover and biomass using photography and fatty acids, Matthew A. Bowker, Nancy C. Johnson, Jayne Belnap, and George W. Koch; Journal of Arid Environments

Shrews of the La Sal Mountains, Southearstern Utah, Eric A. Rickart and Lawrence R. Heaney; Western North American Naturalist

Shrub-Grassland Small Mammal and Vegetation Responses to Rest from Grazing, Steven S. Rosenstock; Journal of Range Management

Size and Geographical Variation in PM1, PM2.5 and PM10: Source Profiles from Soils in the Western United States, R. Labban, J. M. Veranth, J. C. Chow, J. L.P. Engelbrecht, and J. G. Watson; Water Air and Soil Pollution

Small-scale environments and distribution of biological soil crusts, F. Garcia-Pichel and Jayne Belnap; Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management

Small-scale vertical distribution of bacterial biomass and diversity in biological soil crusts from arid lands in the Colorado Plateau, Ferran Garcia-Pichel, S. L. Johnson, D. Youngkin, and Jayne Belnap; Microbial Ecology

Soil amendment effects on the exotic annual grass Bromus tectorum L. and facilitation of its growth by the native perennial grass Hilaria jamesii (Torr.) Benth, Jayne Belnap and Susan K. Sherrod; Plant Ecology


Soil Biota Can Change after Exotic Plant Invasion: Does This Affect Ecosystem Processes?, Jayne Belnap, Susan L. Phillips, Susan K. Sherrod, and Andy Moldenke; Ecology

Soil biota changes along a disturbance gradient: Impacts on vegetation composition and prospects for restoration, R. Johnston and Jayne Belnap; Desert Tortoise Council: Proceedings of the Twenty-first Annual Symposium


Soil Biota in an Ungrazed Grassland: Response to Annual Grass (Bromus tectorum) Invasion, Jayne Belnap and Susan L. Phillips; Ecological Applications

Soil characteristics and plant exotic species invasions in the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, Utah, USA, Michael Bashkin, Thomas J. Stohlgren, Yuka Otsuki, Michelle Lee, Paul Evangelista, and Jayne Belnap; Applied Soil Ecology

Soil crusts sound pollution alarm, Jayne Belnap; USDI National Park Service

Soil fertility in deserts: A review on the influence of biological soil crusts and the effect of soil surface disturbance on nutrient inputs and losses, Richard L. Reynolds, Susan L. Phillips, Jayne Belnap, and Michael C. Duniway; Desertification in the Third Millennium

Soil lichen and moss cover and species richness can be highly dynamic: The effects of invasion by the annual exotic grass Bromus tectorum, precipitation, and temperature on biological soil crusts in SE Utah, Jayne Belnap, Susan L. Phillips, and Tonya Troxler; Applied Soil Ecology

Soil microstructure in soils of the Colorado Plateau: The role of the cyanobacterium Microcoleus vaginatus, Jayne Belnap and J. S. Gardner; Great Basin Naturalist

Soil nematode communities are ecologically more mature beneath late- than early-successional stage biological soil crusts, Brian J. Darby, Deborah A. Neher, and Jayne Belnap; Applied Soil Ecology

Soil Properties in Relation to Cryptogamic Groundcover in Canyonlands National Park, Edgar F. Kleiner and K. T. Harper; Journal of Range Management

Soil Respiration in the Cold Desert Environment of the Colorado Plateau (USA): Abiotic Regulators and Thresholds, Daniel P. Fernandez, Jason C. Neff, Jayne Belnap, and Richard L. Reynolds; Biogeochemistry

Soil surface disturbances in cold deserts: Effects on nitrogenase activity incyanobacterial-lichen soil crusts, Jayne Belnap; Biology and Fertility of Soils

Southwest, M. A. Bogan, C. D. Allen, E. H. Muldavin, S. P. Platania, J. N. Stuart, G. H. Farley, P. Mehlhop, and Jayne Belnap; Status and Trends of the Nation's Biological Resources

Spatial gradients in ecohydrologic properties within a pinyon-juniper ecosystem, M. D. Madsen, D. G. Chandler, and Jayne Belnap; Ecohydrology