As offshore wind energy development is planned in the United States, there is an increasing need for pre- and post-construction monitoring plans to be focused on species determined to be most vulnerable to hazards of a specific project. We propose a conceptual model that incorporates biological and sociological parameters. Specifically, we suggest that demographic, ethological/biological, and population sensitivity be considered with legal protection, economic importance, and/or stakeholder interest. We recommend that vulnerability determinations include qualitative and quantitative methods.
Goodale, M. Wing and Stenhouse, Iain J.
"A Conceptual Model to Determine Vulnerability of Wildlife Populations to Offshore Wind Energy Development,"
Human–Wildlife Interactions: Vol. 10
, Article 7.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.usu.edu/hwi/vol10/iss1/7