Feral hogs (Sus scrofa) are among the most widely-distributed mammals in the world and have the highest reproductive output compared with other ungulates. Worldwide, feral hogs are increasing in range and numbers. Human–feral hog conflicts include impact on abundance and richness of plant and animal species, crop damage, predation on livestock, vehicle collisions, and disease transmission. We reviewed methods employed to mitigate the impact of feral hogs on human activities and discussed these methods in terms of effectiveness, feasibility, costs, and social acceptance. Traditional methods of control include trapping, angering, shooting, poisoning, and Judas hogs. Nonlethal methods of control include fertility control, fencing, repellents, diversionary feeding, and translocation.The review indicated that successful eradications of feral hogs from islands have been achieved by combining different control methods and by establishing post-eradication monitoring to ascertain that the eradication had been completed. Conversely, on the mainland and in countries where feral hogs have long been established, management of human–feral hog conflicts often relies on population size reduction through hunting and poisoning the animals or on exclusion fencing and diversionary feeding. In the majority of instances, population control is not based on previous knowledge of local densities or on predicted impact of control on population size. Based on these results, we propose a framework of criteria to guide decisions regarding the suitability of different options to manage human–feral hog conflicts in different contexts.
Massei, Giovanna; Roy, Sugoto; and Bunting, Richard
"Too Many Hogs? A Review of Methods to Mitigate Impact by Wild Boar and Feral Hogs,"
Human–Wildlife Interactions: Vol. 5
, Article 10.
Available at: http://digitalcommons.usu.edu/hwi/vol5/iss1/10