Canyonlands Research Bibliography

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50,000 Years of Vegetation and Climate History on the Colorado Plateau, Utah and Arizona, USA, L. L. Coats, K. L. Cole, and J. I. Mead; Quaternary Research


A Break in the Nitrogen Cycle in Aridlands? Evidence from δp15N of Soils, R. D. Evans and J. R. Ehleringer; Oecologia

A classification of ecological boundaries, David L. Strayer, Mary E. Power, William F. Fagan, Steward T.A. Pickett, and Jayne Belnap; BioScience


Active Salt Tectonics in the Needles District, Canyonlands (Utah) as Detected by Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar and Point Target Analysis: 1992-2002, M. Furuba, K. Mueller, and J. Wahr; Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth


Adequacy of Wildlife Habitat Relation Models for Estimating Spatial Distributions of Terrestrial Vertebrates, Thomas C. Edwards, Jr.; Elena T. Deshler; Dan Foster; and Gretchen G. Moisen; Conservation Biology


Aeolian and Fluvial Processes in Dryland Regions: The Need for Integrated Studies, Jayne Belnap, Seth M. Munson, and Jason P. Field; Ecohydrology

A field guide to biological soil crusts of western U.S. drylands: Common lichens and bryophytes, Roger Rosentreter, Matthew Bowker, and Jayne Belnap; Bureau of Land Management

A Field-Scale Analysis of the Dependence of Wind Erosion Threshold Velocity on Air Humidity, S. Ravi and P. D' Odorico; Geophysical Research Letters

A holistic strategy for adaptive land management, Jeffery E. Herrick, Michael C. Duniway, David A. Pyke, Brandon T. Bestelmeyer, Skye A. Wills, Joel R. Brown, Jason W. Karl, and Kris M. Havstad; Journal of Soil and Water Conservation

A hydroclimatic index for examining patterns of drought in the Colorado River Basin, Andrew W. Ellis, Gregory B. Goodrich, and Gregg M. Garfin; International Journal of Climatology

Alternative states of a semiarid grassland ecosystem: implications for ecosystem services, Mark E. Miller, R. Travis Belote, Matthew A. Bowker, and Steven L. Garman; Ecosphere

A multi-scale perspective of water pulses in dryland ecosystems: Climatology and ecohydrology of the western USA, Michael E. Loik, David D. Breshears, William K. Lauenroth, and Jayne Belnap; Oecologia

A Petrographical and Geochemical Study of Quartzose Nodules, Country Rocks, and Dike Rocks from the Upheaval Dome Structure, Utah, C. Koeberl, J. B. Plescia, C. L. Hayward, and W. U. Reimold; Meteoritics & Planetary Science

A plan to assess native and exotic plant diversity and cryptobiotic crusts in the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, T. J. Stohlgren, Jayne Belnap, G. W. Chong, and R. Reich; Learning from the Land: Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument Science Symposium Proceedings


Apportionment of Sulfur Oxides at Canyonlands During the Winter of 1990 - II. Fingerprints of Emissions from Point and Regional Sources Impacting Canyonlands, D. J. Eatough, M. Eatough, L. J. Lewis, E. A. Lewis, E. M. Tomlinson, J. L. Gordon, and N. L. Eatough; Atmospheric Environment


Apportionment of Sulfur Oxides at Canyonlands During the Winter of 1990--III. Source Apportionment of SOx and Sulfate and the Conversion of SO2 to Sulfate in the Green River Basin, D. J. Eatough, M. Eatough, and N. L. Eatough; Atmospheric Environment


Apportionment of Sulfur Oxides at Canyonlands During the Winter of 1990--I. Study Design and Particulate Chemical Composition, D. J. Eatough, M. Eatough, J. D. Lamb, L. J. Lewis, E. A. Lewis, N. L. Eatough, and R. Missen; Atmospheric Environment

Arbuscular mycorrhizal assemblages in native plant roots change in the presence of invasive exotic grasses, Christine V. Hawkes, Jayne Belnap, Carla D'Antonio, and Mary K. Firestone; Plant and Soil


Archaeal Populations in Biological Soil Crusts from Arid Lands in North America, T. Soule, I. J. Anderson, S. L. Johnson, and S. T. Bates; Soil Biology & Biochemistry

A simple classification of biological soil crust habitat on the Colorado Plateau, USA, Matthew A. Bowker and Jayne Belnap; Journal of Vegetation Science

A Simple Graphical Approach to Quantitative Monitoring of Rangelands, Corinna Riginos, Jeffrey E. Herrick, Siva R. Sundaresan, Cary Farley, and Jayne Belnap; Rangelands


A Simple Method to Estimate Threshold Friction Velocity of Wind Erosion in the Field, J. Li, G. S. Okin, J. Herrick, J. Belnap, S. M. Munson, and Mark E. Miller; Geophysical Research Letters

A simple method to estimate threshold friction velocity of wind erosion in the field, Junran Li, Gregory S. Okin, Jeffrey E. Herrick, Jayne Belnap, Seth M. Munson, and Mark E. Miller; Geophysical Research Letters

A site-based approach to delivering rangeland ecosystem services, Joel Brown and Neil MacLeod; The Rangeland Journal

Assessment of rangeland ecosystem conditions, Salt Creek watershed and Dugout Ranch, Southeastern Utah, Matthew A. Bowker, Mark E. Miller, and R. Travis Belote; U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2012-1061

Assessment of total nitrogen and total phosphorus in selected surface water of the National Park Service Northern Colorado Plateau Network, Colorado, Utah, and Wyoming, from 1972 through 2007, Juliane B. Brown and David P. Thoma; U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012–5043


A Study of Wolf Spider Ecology in Grand County, Utah (Lycosidae: Araneae), David E. Bixler; The Southwestern Naturalist

Atmospheric dust in modern soil on aeolian sandstone, Colorado Plateau (USA): Variation with landscape position and contribution to potential plant nutrients, Richard Reynolds, Jason Neff, Marith Reheis, and Paul Lamothe; Geoderma

Atmospheric mineral dust in dryland ecosystems: Application of environmental magnetism, Richard L. Reynolds, Harland L. Goldstein, and Mark E. Miller; Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems

At the ground level: Fungi and mosses, Jayne Belnap and J. P. Lindsey; Ancient Piñon-Juniper Woodlands: A Natural History of Mesa Verde Country

Benthic Community Structure of the Green and Colorado Rivers through Canyonlands National Park, Utah, USA, G. A. Haden, J. P. Shannon, K. P. Wilson, and D. W. Blinn; Southwestern Naturalist

Benthic Invertebrates of a Large, Sandy River System: The Green and Colorado Rivers of Canyonlands National Park, Utah, S. Jordan, D. K. Shiozawa, and J. M. Schmid-Araya; Archiv Fur Hydrobiologie

Biodiversity, water chemistry, physical characteristics, and anthropogenic disturbance gradients of sandstone springs on the Colorado Plateau, Rebecca H. Weissinger, Dustin W. Perkins, and Eric C. Dinger; Western North American Naturalist

Biodiversity, Water Chemistry, Physical Characteristics, and Anthropogenic Disturbance Gradients of Sandstone Springs on the Colorado Plateau, Rebecca H. Weissinger, Dustin W. Perkins, and Eric C. Dinger; Western North American Naturalist


Biogeochemical and Ecological Impacts of Livestock Grazing in Semi-Arid Southeastern Utah, USA, D. P. Fernandez, J. C. Neff, and R. L. Reynolds; Journal of Arid Environments

Biogeochemistry: Unexpected uptake, Jayne Belnap; Nature Geoscience

Biological consequences of earlier snowmelt from desert dust deposition in alpine landscapes, Heidi Steltzer, Chris Landry, Thomas H. Painter, Justin Anderson, and Edward Ayres; Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Biological Crusts, Jayne Belnap; Encyclopedia of Soil Science


Biological Invaders Sweep In, Martin Enserink; Science

Biological soil crust recovery after long-term grazing exclusion in the Monte Desert (Argentina). Changes in coverage, spatial distribution, and soil nitrogen, Diana A. Gomez, Julieta N. Aranibar, Solana Tabeni, Pablo E. Villagra, Irene A. Garibotti, and Adrian Atencio; Acta Oecologica

Biological Soil Crusts and Global Changes: What Does the Future Hold?, Jayne Belnap and Otto L. Lange; The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem

Biological soil crusts and wind erosion, Jayne Belnap; Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management

Biological soil crusts: Characteristics and distribution, Jayne Belnap, B. Budel, and Otto L. Lange; Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management

Biological soil crusts: Ecological roles and response to fire in Miombo woodlands of Zimbabwe, Jayne Belnap, R. L. Sanford, and L. Lungu; Transactions of the Zimbabwe Scientific Association

Biological soil crusts exhibit a dynamic response to seasonal rain and release from grazing with implications for soil stability, A. Jimenez Aguilar, E. Huber-Sannwald, J. Belnap, D. R. Smart, and J. T. Arredondo Moreno; Journal of Arid Environments

Biological soil crusts in deserts: a short review of their role in soil fertility, stabilization, and water relations, Jayne Belnap; Algological Studies

Biological soil crusts of Arabian sabkhat, Jayne Belnap; Ecosystems, Vol. 1: The Arabian Peninsula and Adjacent Countries

Biological soil crusts of Mongolia: Impacts of grazing and precipitation on nitrogen inputs, Jayne Belnap, D. Ojima, Susan L. Phillips, and N. N. Barger; Proceedings of the VI International Rangeland Congress

Biological soil crusts of North America, R. Rosentreter and Jayne Belnap; Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management

Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management, Jayne Belnap and Otto L. Lange; Ecological Studies Series 150

Biotic communities of hanging gardens in southeastern Utah, S. L. Welsh and C. A. Toft; National Geographic Society Research Reports

Boundaries in miniature: Two examples from soil, Jayne Belnap, Christine V. Hawkes, and Mary K. Firestone; BioScience


Bromus tectorum Invasion Alters Nitrogen Dynamics in an Undisturbed Arid Grassland Ecosystem, L. J. Sperry, J. Belnap, and R. D. Evans; Ecology

Canyonlands or No-Mans-Land -- A Proposed Nuclear-Waste Dump Threatens the Park, D. Lanner; Sierra


Carbon and Nitrogen Fixation Differ between Successional Stages of Biological Soil Crusts in the Colorado Plateau and Chihuahuan Desert, D. C. Housman, H. H. Powers, A. D. Collins, and J. Belnap; Journal of Arid Environments

Carbon exchange in biological soil crust communities under differential temperatures and soil water contents: implications for global change, Edmund E. Grote, Jayne Belnap, David C. Housman, and Jed P. Sparks; Global Change Biology

Carbon, water, and energy fluxes in a semiarid cold desert grassland during and following multiyear drought, D. R. Bowling, S. Bethers-Marchetti, C. K. Lunch, E. E. Grote, and J. Belnap; Journal of Biophysical Research: Biogeosciences

Cataract Canyon: A Human and Environmental History of the Rivers in Canyonlands, K. Z. Sweeney; Journal of the West

Catastrophic Thresholds: A Synthesis of Concepts, Perspectives, and Applications, David D. Briske, Robert A. Washington-Allen, Craig R. Johnson, Jeffrey A. Lockwood, Dale R. Lockwood, Tamzen K. Stringham, and Herman H. Shugart; Ecology and Society

Cattle Selection for Aspen and Meadow Vegetation: Implications for Restoration, Bobette E. Jones, David F. Lile, and Kenneth W. Tate; Rangeland Ecology & Management

Changes in Plant Functional Groups, Litter Quality, and Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Mineralization With Sheep Grazing in an Inner Mongolian Grassland, Nichole N. Barger, Dennis S. Ojima, Jayne Belnap, Wang Shiping, Wang Yanfen, and Zuozhong Chen; Rangeland Ecology & Management

Changes to dryland rainfall result in rapid moss mortality and altered soil fertility, Sasha C. Reed, Kirsten K. Coe, Jed P. Sparks, David C. Housman, Tamara J. Zelikova, and Jayne Belnap; Nature Climate Change

Characteristics of cyanobacterial-lichen soil crusts in long-term saguaro monitoring plots, Jayne Belnap; Proceedings of the Symposium on Research in Saguaro National Monument, Tucson, Arizona

Choosing indicators of natural resource condition: A case study in Arches National Park, Utah, USA, Jayne Belnap; Environmental Management

Climate Change and Western Public Lands: a Survey of U.S. Federal Land Managers on the Status of Adaptation Efforts, Kelli M. Archie, Lisa Dilling, Jana B. Millford, and Fred C. Pampel; Ecology and Society


Climate Influences the Demography of Three Dominant Sagebrush Steppe Plants, Harmony Dalgleish, David Koons, Melvin Hooten, Corey Moffet, and Peter B. Adler; Ecology

Coherence between the Great Salt Lake Level and the Pacific Quasi-Decadal Oscillation, Shih-Yu Wang, Robert R. Gillies, Jiming Jin, and Lawrence E. Hipps; Journal of Climate


Compactional Deformation Bands in Wingate Sandstone; Additional Evidence of an Impact Origin for Upheaval Dome, Utah, C. H. Okubo and R A. Schultz; Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Comparative diversity and composition of cyanobacteria in three predominant soil crusts of the Colorado Plateau, Elizabeth Redfield, Susan M. Barns, Jayne Belnap, Lori L. Daane, and Cheryl R. Kuske; FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Comparative structure of physical and biological soil crusts, Jayne Belnap; Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management


Comparison of Ion-Exchange Resin Counterions in the Nutrient Measurement of Calcareous Soils: Implications for Correlative Studies of Plant-Soil Relationships, S. K. Sherrod, J. Belnap, and M. E. Miller; Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis


Comparison of Methods for Nutrient Measurement in Calcareous Soils: Ion-Exchange Resin Bag, Capsule, Membrane, and Chemical Extractions, S. K. Sherrod, J. Belnap, and M. E. Miller; Soil Science

Comparison of soil bacterial communities in rhizospheres of three plant species and the interspaces in an arid grassland, Cheryl R. Kuske, Lawrence O. Ticknor, Mark E. Miller, John M. Dunbar, Jody A. Davis, Susan M. Barns, and Jayne Belnap; Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Completing Canyonlands, Rober B. Keiter; National Parks

Complex seasonal cycle of ecohydrology in the Southwest United States, Michael Notaro, Zhengyu Liu, Robert G. Gallimore, John W. Williams, David S. Gutzler, and Scott Collins; Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences

Components of Spatial and Temporal Soil Variation at Canyonlands National Park: Implications for P Dynamics and Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) Performance, Mark Miller, Jayne Belnap, Susan Beatty, and Bruce Webb; 11th Wildland Shrub Symposium: Shrubland Ecosystem Genetics and Biodiversity

Conceptual ecological models to guide integrated landscape monitoring of the Great Basin, D. M. Miller, S. P. Finn, Andrea Woodward, Alicia Torregrosa, M. E. Miller, D. R. Bedford, and A. M. Brasher; U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report

Consortial N2 fixation: A strategy for meeting nitrogen requirements of marine and terrestrial cyanobacterial mats, T. F. Steppe, J. B. Olson, H. W. Paerl, R. W. Litaker, and Jayne Belnap; FEMS Microbiology Ecology

Contemporary geochemical composition and flux of aeolian dust to the San Juan Mountains, Colorado, United States, Corey R. Lawrence, T. H. Painter, C. C. Landry, and J. C. Neff; Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences


Controls of Bedrock Geochemistry on Soil and Plant Nutrients in Southeastern Utah, J. C. Neff, R. Reynolds, R. L. Sanford, D. Fernandez, and P. Lamothe; Ecosystems

Correlates of biological soil crust abundance across a continuum of spatial scales: Support for a hierarchical conceptual model, Matthew A. Bowker, Jayne Belnap, Diane W. Davidson, and Harland Goldstein; Journal of Applied Ecology


Counting on Sheep, J. Cohn; National Parks & Conservation Magazine

Crusts: Biological, Jayne Belnap; Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment

Cryptobiotic crusts and their influence on annual plants and the desert tortoise, L. DeFalco, Jayne Belnap, K. Harper, and S. D. Warren; Desert Tortoise Council: Proceedings of the Twenty-first Annual Symposium

Cryptobiotic soil crusts: Basis for arid land restoration (Utah), Jayne Belnap; Restoration and Management Notes


Cryptogamic Crusts of Semiarid and Arid Lands of North America, J. R. Johansen; Journal of Phycology

Cyanobacteria and Algae, Jayne Belnap; Principles and Applications of Soil Microbiology: Upper Saddle River

Cyanobacterial-lichen soil crusts of San Nicolas Island, Jayne Belnap; Proceedings: The Fourth California Islands Symposium: Update on the Status of Resources


Deformed Streams Reveal Growth and Linkage of a Normal Fault Array in the Canyonlands Graben, Utah, D. Commins, S. Gupta, and J. Cartwright; Geology

Deriving state-and-transition models from an image series of grassland pattern dynamics, Rohan J. Sadler, Martin Hazelton, Matthias M. Boer, and Pauline F. Grierson; Ecological Modelling

DESI—Detection of Early-Season Invasives (Software-Installation Manual and User’s Guide Version 1.0), Raymond F. Kokaly; U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2010-1302

Detecting cheatgrass on the Colorado Plateau using Landsat data: A tutorial for the DESI software, Raymond F. Kokaly; U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 2010-1327

Diazotrophic community structure and function in two successional stages of biological soil crusts from the Colorado Plateau and Chihuahuan Desert, Chris M. Yeager, Jennifer L. Kornosky, David C. Housman, Edmund E. Grote, Jayne Belnap, and Cheryl R. Kuske; Applied and Environmental Microbiology

Differences in macroinvertebrate community structure in streams and rivers with different hydrologic regimes in the semi-arid Colorado Plateau, Matthew P. Miller and Anne Brasher; River Systems

Differences in native soil ecology associated with invasion of the exotic annual chenopod, Halogeton glomeratus, Jeffrey J. Duda, D. Carl Freeman, John M. Emlen, Jayne Belnap, Stanley G. Kitchen, John C. Zak, Edward Sobek, Mary Tracy, and James Montante; Biology and Fertility of Soils


Dike Formation, Cataclastic Flow, and Rock Fluidization During Impact Cratering: an Example from the Upheaval Dome Structure, Utah, T. Kenkmann; Earth and Planetary Science Letters

Direct effects of soil amendments on field emergence and growth of the invasive annual grass Bromus tectorum L. and the native perennial grass Hilaria jamesii (Torr.) Benth, Beth A. Newingham and Jayne Belnap; Plant and Soil

Disturbance and recovery of biological soil crusts, Jayne Belnap; Biological Soil Crusts: Structure, Function, and Management


Disturbance Facilitates Rapid Range Expansion of Aspen into Higher Elevations of the Rocky Mountains under a Warming Climate, Simon M. Landhäusser, Dominique Deshaies, and Victor J. Lieffers; Journal of Biogeography

Disturbance facilitates rapid range expansion of aspen into higher elevations of the Rocky Mountains under a warming climate, Simon M. Landhausser, Dominique Deshales, and Victor J. Lieffers; Journal of Biogeography